By Osama Abi-Mershed
Among 1830 and 1870, French military officials serving within the colonial workplaces of Arab Affairs profoundly altered the process political decision-making in Algeria. Guided via the modernizing ideologies of the Saint-Simonian university of their improvement and implementation of colonial coverage, the officials articulated a brand new doctrine and framework for governing the Muslim and ecu populations of Algeria. Apostles of Modernity indicates the evolution of this civilizing venture in Algeria, and illustrates how those forty years have been decisive in shaping the central ideological tenets in French colonization of the region.This booklet bargains a rethinking of 19th-century French colonial background. It finds not just what the increase of Europe implied for the cultural identities of non-elite center Easterners and North Africans, but additionally what dynamics have been interested by the imposition or neighborhood adoptions of eu cultural norms and the way the colonial stumble upon impacted the cultural identities of the colonizers themselves.
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Additional resources for Apostles of Modernity: Saint-Simonians and the Civilizing Mission in Algeria
In 1799, Napoleon would break defi nitively with the republican Declaration of Rights and repeal the political integration of the possessions of outre-mer. His encounter with the Muslim heartland, it seems, had tested the utility of the politics of identity and difference to national and imperial ambitions. Egy p t ’s T r i e n n io To order is always to become the master of others by impeding them. —Denis Diderot, Œuvres complètes13 In Egypt, I found myself free from the wearisome impediments of civilization.
King Charles X was staking his throne on a risky and dubious military action against the Ottoman Regency of Algiers. ” In the cabinet, Minister Jules de Polignac spoke less of national honor or civilizing goals, but, rather, enumerated to his peers the many strategic and political gains to be had with the taking of Algiers: returning France to the premier ranks of European power, frustrating British ascendance in the Mediterranean, distracting the restless army from domestic politics, and boosting the sagging popularity of the government.
The French expeditionary corps to North Africa, 37,000 strong, began winding its way to embarkation points in the Mediterranean naval base at Toulon in late April 1830. In mobilized barracks and staging grounds, commissioned officers exhorted daily the marshaled soldiers and marines to restore the sullied honor of France. ” 5 The repeated exaltations in these assorted declarations of war of France’s righteous and humanitarian obligation to rid the Mediterranean of Turkish barbarity and malfeasance heralded the role that civilizing ideology would play in sanc- 36 Chapter Two tifying the colonial occupation of Algeria.
Apostles of Modernity: Saint-Simonians and the Civilizing Mission in Algeria by Osama Abi-Mershed