By J. Haycraft
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Listen to the radio. read. Be careful when constructing tables, as it is very easy to produce strange combinations. Vocabulary should already be familiar, and attention has to be paid to stress. Decide on a mood, attitude or a situation. g. ’ You could then get the students to precede all the sentences with ‘But’, and make the tone one of protest. Tables are also useful for simultaneous revision, or for practising idiomatic phrases - in this case: ‘my’, ‘his’, ‘her’, ‘our’, and the phrases ‘go to the cinema’ and ‘listen to the radio’.
7. Related structures Many structures ‘demand’ their own vocabulary. Thus, if you’re teaching ‘have got’ you will tend to choose the names of personal possessions. If you are teaching ‘going to’ you are likely to introduce a vocabulary connected with plans. If you are teaching the Present Continuous you will want to introduce active verbs with their corresponding objects. This is the most ‘natural’ way to choose vocabulary, but you have still got to be careful that you choose common words, and not too many of them.
However, you may find yourself carried away by the fact that one new word leads naturally to another, and before you know where you are, you also produce as many diseases as Pandora did when she opened her box. Your students will probably welcome this because they feel they are learning a lot quantitatively, but in fact your students will forget, or never use, most of what you are teaching them. 6. Cross reference A lot of words are applicable to different situations or specialisations. If, for instance, you are choosing vocabulary connected with cars, it is worth choosing terms that are also common to other means of transport, such as trains, aeroplanes, taxis, buses.
An Introduction to English Language Teaching by J. Haycraft