By Ke Lu, Lidong Chen, Tianbai He, Qing Yan
As one of many eighteen field-specific experiences comprising the excellent scope of the strategic normal record of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technology and know-how within the box of complicated fabrics technological know-how. They each one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the overall and sub-group stories learn the evolution and legislation governing the advance of technological know-how and expertise, describe the decisive effect of technology and expertise at the modernization strategy, are expecting that the area is at the eve of an forthcoming S&T revolution, and get in touch with for China to be absolutely ready for this new around of S&T development. in accordance with the particular research of the calls for on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the reviews draw a framework for 8 uncomplicated and strategic platforms of socio-economic improvement with the aid of technology and expertise, figure out China's S&T roadmaps for the appropriate 8 uncomplicated and strategic platforms in keeping with China's truth, extra element S&T projects of strategic significance to China's modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with entire consultations for the advance of S&T innovation in step with China's truth. Supported through illustrations and tables of information, the studies supply researchers, govt officers and marketers with counsel referring to learn instructions, the making plans procedure, and funding.
Founded in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation's optimum educational establishment in average sciences. Its significant tasks are to behavior examine in uncomplicated and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on traditional assets and ecological surroundings, to supply the rustic with clinical information and consultations for government's decision-making, to adopt government-assigned tasks with reference to key S&T difficulties within the technique of socio-economic improvement, to start up group of workers education, and to advertise China's high-tech companies via its lively engagement in those areas.
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Additional resources for Advanced Materials Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
Currently the carbon bonding products including MgO-C, Al2O3-C, Al2O3SiC-C, and the non-oxide-oxide composite products, for example Si3N4-SiC. They not only satisfy the domestic demands, but also occupy almost the whole international market. Report on Development Strategies of Disciplines (2006) published by the Committee of National Natural Science Foundation of China pointed out the development strategy of inorganic nonmetallic materials discipline as follows: In the future research and development work, China should especially strengthen interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary overlapping research, improve the synthesis and manufacturing, characterization and estimation, design and property prediction of materials in balance, pay special attention to green manufacturing technologies and scientific questions related to environmental harmony in the traditional inorganic nonmetallic material field, and attach importance to the development of independent innovation equipment used in materials manufacturing and characterization.
China is already a large consumer of materials, and the productivity of conventional materials enhances very quickly. However, numerous fundamental raw materials still rely on import. Currently, conventional materials in China are facing several general issues such as improving the quality, reducing the cost and the energy consumption, and upgrading of new generations. The output of steels in China is the number one all over the world. The supply and demand of common steels are in balance, while some kinds of steels are superfluous.
After the development of several decades, China has made remarkable progress in the discipline and research of carbon materials, and has satisfied the demands of the national economy and national security. Especially, carbon fiber research and production which has been paid much attention in recent years and has made visible progress. The research of carbon materials relates to raw materials, carbon fibers, activated adsorption carbon materials, carbon-base composite materials, energy storage carbon materials, nanometer carbon materials and many other fields.
Advanced Materials Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 by Ke Lu, Lidong Chen, Tianbai He, Qing Yan