By Norman Lieberman, Elizabeth Lieberman
The most modern equipment for troubleshooting and conserving strategy equipment
Applicable to a wide diversity of technicians and industries and completely up to date all through, A operating consultant to technique Equipment, Fourth variation, explains tips to diagnose, troubleshoot, and proper issues of chemical and petroleum refining approach apparatus. 9 new chapters hide:
- Tray layout info
- Shell-and-tube warmth exchanger layout info
- Relief valve method layout
- Vapor lock and exchanger flooding in steam structures
- Steam new release working and layout info
- Wastewater strippers
- Thermodynamics -- the way it applies to approach gear
- Centrifugal pumps -- decreasing seal and bearing mess ups
- Hand calculations for distillation towers
- Vapor -- liquid equilibrium, absorption, and stripping calculations
Filled with examples and illustrations, this sensible source demonstrates how concept applies to fixing real-world plant operation difficulties. chosen hand calculation equipment also are provided.
Comprehensive insurance includes:
Distillation Tower Trays * Tower strain keep watch over * Distillation Towers * Reboilers * Tower Internals * tools * Packed Towers * Steam and Condensate structures * Bubble aspect and Dew aspect * Steam Strippers * Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics * Pumparounds and Tower warmth Flows * Condensers and Tower strain keep an eye on * Air Coolers * Deaerators and Steam structures * Steam iteration * Wastewater Strippers * Vacuum platforms * Steam generators * floor Condensers * Shell-and-Tube warmth Exchangers * Fired warmers * Refrigeration platforms * Cooling Water platforms * Catalytic results * Centrifugal Pumps * keep an eye on Valves * Separators * Centrifugal Compressors and Surge * Reciprocating Compressors * Corrosion * Fluid circulation in Pipes * Super-Fractionation degree * laptop regulate * box Troubleshooting
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Extra resources for A Working Guide to Process Equipment
That’s how we measure temperature by measuring the current produced by a thermocouple. The thermocouple is housed inside a thermowell. Orifice plate In an orifice plate, fluid flows through a metal plate with a hole. As it accelerates through this hole, the fluid pressure is reduced. The bigger the flow, the greater the DP. An orifice plate has a handle that sticks out of the piping showing the size of the orifice. Pressure transducer A diaphragm is deformed inside a tube. This deformation generates an electric signal in proportion to the pressure inside the tube.
More volatile liquids such as LPG have a higher vapor pressure than less volatile diesel oil. Boiling point Heat a liquid and its vapor pressure increases. When the liquid’s vapor pressure equals the pressure in the vessel, the liquid starts to boil. The temperature at which this boiling starts is the liquid’s boiling temperature. Bubble point This is the same as boiling point. When a liquid is at its bubble point, it is also said to be a saturated liquid at the temperature and pressure. If we raise the pressure, the liquid’s bubble point temperature also goes up.
Likely, I designed about 50 distillation columns, 90 percent of which had horizontal, natural thermosyphon circulation reboilers. indd 3 12/04/14 2:23 PM 4 Chapter One I saw hundreds of such reboilers in Amoco’s many refineries. I never stopped to think what caused the liquid to circulate through the reboilers. I never thought about it, even though the reboiler feed nozzle on the tower was below the vapor return nozzle. Now, with my fish tank experience as a guide, I was able to understand: • The reboiler shell is like the fish tank.
A Working Guide to Process Equipment by Norman Lieberman, Elizabeth Lieberman