By Timothy J. Stapleton
An army background of South Africa: From the Dutch-Khoi Wars to the tip of Apartheid represents the 1st entire army historical past of South Africa from the start of ecu colonization within the Cape through the 1650s to the present postapartheid republic. With specific emphasis at the final 2 hundred years, this balanced research stresses the ancient value of conflict and army buildings within the shaping of contemporary South African society. vital topics comprise army variation throughout the strategy of colonial conquest and African resistance, the expansion of South Africa as a local army energy from the early twentieth century, and South African involvement in conflicts of the decolonization period. geared up chronologically, each one bankruptcy reports the foremost conflicts, regulations, and army problems with a particular interval in South African heritage. assurance comprises the wars of colonial conquest (1830-69), the diamond wars (1869-81), the gold wars (1886-1910), international Wars I and II (1910-45), and the apartheid wars (1948-94).
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Additional resources for A Military History of South Africa: From the Dutch-Khoi Wars to the End of Apartheid
At the same time Governor Smith ordered another force of 300–400 Fingo from Fort Peddie to rendezvous with MacKinnon. ’’15 In late April 1851 MacKinnon once again left King William’s Town with an expedition of 200 cavalry, 1,800 British infantry, and 200 Fingo that went up into the Amatolas, fought off a number of ambushes, and returned a few days later with 400 captured cattle. 16 Another major colonial sweep of the Amatolas took place in June with similar results. At Whittlesea, in the far north of British Kaffraria, Royal Engineer ofﬁcer Captain Richard Tylden took command of a mixed group of armed volunteers consisting of 70 settlers, 200 Xhosa Christian converts, and 800 Fingo, and directed the fortiﬁcation of four strong buildings.
On June 25, Maqoma’s people surprised and eliminated a patrol of 30 Khoisan led by Lieutenant Charles Bailie. By the beginning of September the Rharhabe had to plant crops and D’Urban was under pressure from London to end the expensive war. Several weeks of negotiations, in which Maqoma rejected initial British demands for him to abandon the Amatolas and surrender captured ﬁrearms, produced a treaty in which the Rharhabe accepted nominal British authority but retained their land and chiefs. British rule in Queen Adelaide Province did not last long as in 1836 Lord Glenelg, the colonial secretary in London who disapproved of the abuse of indigenous people in the empire, ordered the retrocession of the territory and withdrawal of colonial forces.
Wars of Colonial Conquest (1830–69) 23 D’Urban’s column crossed the Kei River in mid-April 1835 and made camp thirty miles east at the abandoned Butterworth Mission in Gcaleka Xhosa territory. Although Hintsa’s people had not participated in the Xhosa raids upon the colony, as senior Xhosa ruler he was guilty by his association with the Rharhabe Xhosa and the British were looking for an excuse to seize cattle. Smith led a patrol of 300 horsemen in a series of raids against Gcaleka communities and at around the same time 5,000 Thembu, led by Major Henry Warden, attacked the Gcaleka and captured 4,000 cattle.
A Military History of South Africa: From the Dutch-Khoi Wars to the End of Apartheid by Timothy J. Stapleton