By William Pierce Shephard
From the INTRODUCTION.
In all languages owning a good constructed expiratory accessory there's came upon a bent to weaken the syllables which stand at the reduce levels of accentuation. The power dedicated to the construction of the syllable on which the primary accessory rests makes worthy a discount within the strength of the expiration of the opposite syllables of the be aware. The vowels of those syllables then express a lack of sonority; and are susceptible to be lowered to that caliber which calls for the smallest amount of expiratory strength for his or her articulation. merely that half is left that is completely priceless for the lifestyles of the syllable. Or, in different instances, the relief may match nonetheless farther. Then the weaker syllables disappear completely; the strength as soon as expended on their construction is going to swell the tension given to the extra hugely accented syllables, they usually lose their autonomous life. to monitor the influence of those traits, we now have in basic terms to check a language with a chromatic—or musical—accent with one owning a powerful expiratory tension. within the former, the entire vowels are articulated highly and customarily preserved via lengthy sessions of improvement; within the latter, they're first lowered in strength, their articulation is slurred or hasty, and so they frequently disappear completely. for instance, in old Greek, which had definitely a tone-accent, there are nearly no examples of the syncope of unaccented vowels. the single circumstances of loss are a result of next contraction of 2 vowels status in hiatus after the outfall of an intervocal j or w. yet within the Teutonic department, however, the vowels of the unaccented syllables are always weakened; from the earliest interval this tendency could be saw, and its operation is unchecked at present day. In sleek English those vowels are continuously slurred in pronunciation, and are often weakened to the so-called '' irrational'' vowel (the sound of u in but), that's frequently a trifling voice-glide, with out determined articulation.
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Additional resources for A contribution to the history of the unaccented vowels in Old French
LYA, ObSrutq puolimas. Suvalkijos kovq aidai. 1995, N. GaSkaite, D. Kuodyte, A. KaSeta, B. Ulevidius, 45 deSimtmetyje. LKA, Kaunas 1996 No 19, p. 9 23 A. AnuSauskas, op cit, p. 403 Lietuvos partizanq kovos ir jq slopinimas MVD- 24 Figures of the 1959 all-Union census M GB dokumentuose 1944-1953 metais, Vilnius 25 Partizano Dzuko dienoraStis, LKA, Kaunas 1993, 1996, p. 383 N. GaSkaite, op cit, p. 137 A. AnuSauskas, op cit, p. 322 Ibid, p. 320 No 6, p. 72 The NKVD-MVD-MGB Army JUOZAS STARKAUSKAS The army of the repressive structures was formed in the Soviet Union imme diately after the October Revolution in 1917.
The purges suppressed the resistance o f the people, broke their will, and, seeing no alternative, they began to join collective farms. 4 per cent; and by 1950, 90 per cent of all farmers had become members of collective farms. The farm buildings were compulsorily incorporated into collective farm settlements (often under the excuse o f land reclamation works). A total o f 300,000 farmsteads were destroyed and their owners moved into new settlements. Partisans resisted this mainly by propaganda: they wrote articles, distrib uted proclamations, and sent warnings to Communist Party activists threat ening farmers.
Armed activists o f the Communist Party brought villagers to meetings, and they were kept there until they agreed to sign the application to join a collective farm. Lithuania was an agricultural country, the people had developed especially strong bonds with their land and homes. The confisca tion o f land and livestock was a terrible tragedy. Those who refused to join collective farms were again burdened by increased duties: nobody was able to pay, and people became impoverished. Partisan intelligence established that the government was planning new rounds o f deportations.
A contribution to the history of the unaccented vowels in Old French by William Pierce Shephard